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Lesson 2.1: Abbreviations

Symbols

degree or hollow dot
⠘⠨⠡

Explanation

A combination or group of letters that represent larger words are known as abbreviations. Abbreviations are sometimes used to represent units of measurement. Abbreviations may or may not be followed by a period. When abbreviations contain capital letters, the literary rules for capitalization should be followed. Remember that the effect of the double capitalization indicator ends when a space or non-letter occurs.

A space should be left before and after an abbreviation and a numeral or letter, a sign of operation, a sign of comparison, a monetary sign, a percent sign, a sign of omission, or any other mathematical symbol.

If an abbreviation is only a single letter or would be misread as a short-form word, an English letter indicator must be used before the abbreviation unless the abbreviation is followed by a period.

Contractions for the words to, into, and by should not be used before an abbreviation.

Some common abbreviations for measurement of time, temperature, length, and weight are as follows:

inches: in
⠊⠝

feet: ft
⠋⠞

yard: yd
⠽⠙

miles: mi
⠍⠊

cups: c
⠰⠉

pints: pt
⠏⠞

quarts: qt
⠟⠞

gallons: gal
⠛⠁⠇

ounces: oz
⠕⠵

pounds: lbs
⠇⠃⠎

tons: T
⠰⠠⠞

millimeters: mm
⠍⠍

centimeters: cm
⠉⠍

decimeters: dm
⠙⠍

meters: m
⠰⠍

kilometers: km
⠅⠍

milliliters: mL
⠍⠠⠇

liters: L
⠰⠠⠇

grams: g
⠰⠛

kilograms: kg
⠅⠛

degrees Ferenheit: ℉
⠘⠨⠡⠀⠰⠠⠋

degrees Celcius: ℃
⠘⠨⠡⠀⠰⠠⠉


Example 1

one foot equals twelve inches
⠼⠂⠀⠋⠕⠕⠞⠀⠨⠅⠀⠼⠂⠆⠀⠊⠝⠲

Example 2

five meters
⠼⠢⠀⠰⠍

Example 3

twenty ounces
⠼⠆⠴⠀⠕⠵⠲

Example 4

one yard is greater than one foot
⠼⠂⠀⠽⠙⠀⠨⠂⠀⠼⠂⠀⠋⠞

Example 5

seventy five degrees Fahrenheit
⠼⠶⠢⠘⠨⠡⠀⠰⠠⠋

Example 6

forty three degrees Celcius
⠼⠲⠒⠘⠨⠡⠀⠰⠠⠉

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