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Lesson 2.1: Abbreviations

Symbols

°degree or hollow dot
⠘⠨⠡

Explanation

A combination or group of letters that represent larger words are known as abbreviations. Abbreviations are sometimes used to represent units of measurement. Abbreviations may or may not be followed by a period. When abbreviations contain capital letters, the literary rules for capitalization should be followed. Remember that the effect of the double capitalization indicator ends when a space or non-letter occurs.

A space should be left before and after an abbreviation and a numeral or letter, a sign of operation, a sign of comparison, a monetary sign, a percent sign, a sign of omission, or any other mathematical symbol.

If an abbreviation is only a single letter or would be misread as a short-form word, an English letter indicator must be used before the abbreviation unless the abbreviation is followed by a period.

Contractions for the words to, into, and by should not be used before an abbreviation.

Some common abbreviations for measurement of time, temperature, length, and weight are as follows:

inches:in
⠊⠝

feet:ft
⠋⠞

yard:yd
⠽⠙

miles:mi
⠍⠊

cups:c
⠰⠉

pints:pt
⠏⠞

quarts:qt
⠟⠞

gallons:gal
⠛⠁⠇

ounces:oz
⠕⠵

pounds:lbs
⠇⠃⠎

tons:T
⠰⠠⠞

millimeters:mm
⠍⠍

centimeters:cm
⠉⠍

decimeters:dm
⠙⠍

meters:m
⠰⠍

kilometers:km
⠅⠍

milliliters:mL
⠍⠠⠇

liters:L
⠰⠠⠇

grams:g
⠰⠛

kilograms:kg
⠅⠛

degrees Ferenheit:
⠘⠨⠡⠀⠰⠠⠋

degrees Celcius:
⠘⠨⠡⠀⠰⠠⠉


Example 1

1foot=12in.
⠼⠂⠀⠋⠕⠕⠞⠀⠨⠅⠀⠼⠂⠆⠀⠊⠝⠲

Example 2

5m
⠼⠢⠀⠰⠍

Example 3

20oz.
⠼⠆⠴⠀⠕⠵⠲

Example 4

1yd>1ft
⠼⠂⠀⠽⠙⠀⠨⠂⠀⠼⠂⠀⠋⠞

Example 5

75°F
⠼⠶⠢⠘⠨⠡⠀⠰⠠⠋

Example 6

43°C
⠼⠲⠒⠘⠨⠡⠀⠰⠠⠉

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